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What are the international standards for organic food?
Most Chinese consumers are not clear about what standard food meets before it can be called organic food, how organic food is produced, what is the difference between organic food and ordinary food, and how the government regulates it. In fact, the first few thousand years of human agriculture were organic agriculture. However, after the invention of chemical fertilizers and synthetic organic pesticides, they are regarded as high-tech products and are sought after. Organic agriculture has gradually become a seemingly primitive farming method. However, it was soon discovered that chemical fertilizers can increase the yield in a short period of time, but long-term use will cause soil hardening, soil loss and soil becoming more and more barren. In addition, the uncontrolled use of pesticides has brought about crop pollution and ecological hazards, and organic agriculture has begun to receive attention. Starting from the 1990s, some countries began to formulate standards for organic agriculture and organic food. Since then, organic agriculture has developed rapidly on the legal track. According to the data released by the International Union of Organic Agriculture Movements, in 1999, 2000 and 2011, the size of the world organic agriculture market was 15.2 billion US dollars, 59.1 billion US dollars and 62.9 billion US dollars respectively. In 2011, the world planted 37.2 million hectares of organic crops, accounting for 0.86% of the total arable land. The three countries with the largest area of organic crops are Australia, Argentina and the United States. Organic crops are grown on 35.9% of the cultivated land in the Falkland Islands, 29.3% in Liechtenstein and 19.7% in Austria. Consumers, in order to avoid eating genetically modified food, have seen a rapid increase in consumption of organic food and the scale of organic agriculture has developed rapidly in recent years.